Press Release – For Immediate Release
Infrastructure Services for Open Access C.I.C. (IS4OA) is pleased to announce that from May 1st 2014 it will adopt the Open Citations Corpus (OCC) as one of the academic Open Access services that it supports, providing it with an organisational structure within which it can attain financial sustainability and growth.
The act of bibliographic citation – a scholar referencing the published work of others – is central to scholarly communication, permitting the attribution of credit and integrating our independent research endeavours. Citations knit together the whole world of scholarship into a gigantic citation network, a directed graph with publications as the nodes and citations as the links between them. Scholarly communication involves the flow of information and ideas through this citation network, and analysis of changes in the network over time can reveal patterns of communication between scholars and the development and demise of academic disciplines.
Open Citations Corpus (OCC) joins the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) under the IS4OA umbrella. Further services will join them over time. The aim is to provide a safe home where a set of services critical to Open Access can flourish in a mutually supportive, forward-looking and sustainable business environment.
The ambition is that OCC will increase its coverage substantially. Based on promising communications with leading stakeholders in the scholarly communication community, we are confident that OCC can develop into a central piece of infrastructure for open science. As soon as the transition has taken place, work will begin to bring more content into the corpus.
The Open Citations Corpus (OCC) is an open access repository of scholarly citation data, information about the author-created bibliographic references present in scholarly publications that cite other scholarly publications.
The Open Citations Corpus was initially developed at the University of Oxford with funding from Jisc, a UK information-technology research and development funding organization (http://www.jisc.ac.uk), under the direction of Dr David Shotton, who at that time was working in the Department of Zoology, and who is currently an emeritus reader in that department and a senior researcher in the Oxford e-Research Centre. A cell and molecular biologist by background, Dr Shotton and his group have in recent years developed a variety of open source tools, ontologies and services for research data management, data integration, data publication, metadata creation and semantic publishing.
Infrastructure Services for Open Access C.I.C. (IS4OA) is a Community Interest Company based in the United Kingdom, i.e. a not-for-profit charitable company limited by guarantee under UK law. The company’s activities are designed to provide benefit to the global community of research information users by providing openly accessible information and discovery services relating to academic information, research results and scholarly publications that are free to use. Researchers, students in higher education, independent researchers, the education community, industry, innovative companies, small- and medium-sized (SME) companies, professionals, practitioners, civil servants and the general public are all potential users of research results, and the company’s activities to promote the wide and open distribution and dissemination of research information and scholarly knowledge will benefit society worldwide.
IS4OA acts as an umbrella organisation for open access activities and services that are of value to the academic community and beyond. It provides business structure and expertise, and a means of obtaining and channelling financial support for these activities and services. Where appropriate, it will also facilitate their cooperation or integration in mutually beneficial ways. In December 2012, IS4OA took responsibility for the operation and development of its first service, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ; http://www.doaj.org/). The Open Citations Corpus is the second such service to be adopted by IS4OA
IS4OA was founded in 2012 by Dr Alma Swan and Dr Caroline Sutton. Dr Swan is a consultant working in the field of scholarly communication, a Director of IS4OA, Director of European Advocacy Programmes for SPARC Europe, Director of Key Perspectives Ltd, and Convenor for Enabling Open Scholarship, the organisation of universities promoting the principles of open scholarship in the academic community. Dr Sutton is a recognised advocate and expert on Open Access publishing, a Director of IS4OA, Publisher and Co-Founder of Co-Action Publishing, and the immediate past-President of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA). She also serves as Chair of the Advisory Board for OAPEN, and has served as a member of the SPARC Europe Board. In 2013 Lars Bjørnshauge joined IS4OA as Director and as Managing Director of DOAJ. Lars Bjørnshauge is founder of DOAJ, co-founder of OpenDOAR and Directory of Open Access Books, currently Director of SPARC Europe and serves on the Board of OASPA.
For further information, please contact Dr Alma Swan (a[.]swan [at] talk21[.]com) or Dr David Shotton (david[.]shotton [at] oerc[.]ox[.]ac[.]uk).